ORBEE offers the following answers to common Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about the Website. Click on a subject heading below to view questions and answers relating to your selection. Should you have any further questions, please send us a message using the form on our Contact Us page.

Using Orbee Materials
Intellectual Property
Technology Requirements
Other Questions

1. About ORBEE

1.1 What is ORBEE?

Open Resources for Built Environment Education (ORBEE) funded by JISC and the Higher Education Academy are working in partnership to develop the HEFCE-funded Open Educational Resources (OER) programme, supporting UK higher education institutions in sharing their teaching and learning resources freely online across the world.

Building on the foundations of a pilot study which took place between April 2009 and March 2010, a second phase of projects and activities were initiated and will be completed by August 2011.  This phase will extend the range of materials openly available, document benefits offered by OER to those involved in the learning process, and promote collections of OER materials. Such resources might include full courses, course materials, complete modules, videos, assessments, tests, simulations, worked examples or software.

1.2 Why is ORBEE doing this?

ORBEE plans to repurpose teaching and learning materials; making them freely available online under an intellectual property licence.  This permits their free use especially to address sector needs on ‘work place, work related or distance learning’.  Consequently, by harnessing the knowledge capital of HEI-Industry engagement, a range of relevant re-calibrated open educational resources are to be provided.

The aim of this project is to encourage and enable the universal sharing of built environment educational resources that allows learners to study in an interesting and challenging way that best suits them.  Key outcomes include:

· Analysing, repurposing and creating selected materials for open access - To evaluate, extend and establish a range of existing and tailored learning materials in built environment education for wider consumption via open VLE.

· Encouraging and embedding positive ORBEE culture - To investigate attitudes of learners and academics to promote sharing and searching for open resources in built environment education to build evidence based approaches.

1.3 Can I get a certificate after completing these modules?

No. ORBEE will make course materials freely accessible on the Web. ORBEE is not a distance learning or degree/certificate granting initiative and will not offer modules for credit or fees.

2. Using ORBEE Materials

2.1 How can I register for ORBEE?

ORBEE is an open educational resource. No registration is required. A valid email address may be required when downloading material.

2.1 How to use the learning material

The learning package contains a number of resources designed to help you understand subject area. The resources include richly illustrated PowerPoint files that illustrate key learning points and contain a number of slides where you are asked to reflect on what you have learned by responding to a question or activity. In addition the resources include supportive text files that explain things described in the slides in much more detail. Finally there is further, extended reading for you in the form of related papers, a list of references, and links to relevant external web-sites and information.

2.2 How do I contribute my materials?

Contributing materials to ORBEE is a fast and easy process. Create an account on our website for free. You’ll receive an activation e-mail within minutes of creating an account. Once your account is active you can add as many resources as you like.

2.3 Can I/my organisation state on our website or in our literature that we make use of ORBEE materials?

In accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Licenses used by ORBEE, you must give credit to ORBEE and the author of the course materials anytime you use ORBEE materials. However, any reference to ORBEE (including the ORBEE name in any of its forms or ORBEE seals or logos) that claims or (in ORBEE’s sole judgment) gives the appearance or impression of a relationship with or endorsement by ORBEE is prohibited.

2.4 Can I link to the ORBEE Website from my website?

Links to ORBEE or to courses or pages within the www.orbee.og are permitted so long as the use of the materials associated with the link is permitted under the terms of the Creative Commons Licenses used by ORBEE, the link is freely accessible (e.g., no restrictions or fee for access) and there is no claim, appearance, or implication of an affiliation with or endorsement by ORBEE. ORBEE cannot guarantee the persistence of any specific link other than those to the ORBEE Homepage.

3. Intellectual Property

The Creative Commons (CC) license protects the copyright holder’s works while encouraging certain uses of the works. ORBEE has chosen the following CC license option which applies to most content published on the site: Attribution, Noncommercial, and Share Alike. This allows for the reuse and the creation of derivative works as long as attribution to the original copyright holder is given and it is for noncommercial purposes. Please see the Creative Commons Licenses for more information.

3.1 Who owns the intellectual property published on the ORBEE Website?

The course materials published by ORBEE are licensed under a Creative Commons Licenses. Authors retain copyright of their content. The terms of distribution and modification are determined by the authors and copyright holders during the content submission process. The intellectual property policies created for ORBEE are clear and consistent with other policies for scholarly materials used in education.

3.2 What are the requirements of use for ORBEE materials?

Content published by ORBEE may be used, copied, distributed, translated, and modified, as specified under the Creative Commons Licenses.

ORBEE grants the right to anyone to use the materials on ORBEE either "as is," or in a modified form. There are three requirements that a ORBEE user must meet to use the materials:

· Noncommercial. Use of ORBEE materials is open to all except for profit-making entities who charge a fee for access to educational materials or otherwise use the materials or derivatives of the materials for commercial purposes.

· Attribution. Any and all use or reuse of the material, including use of derivative works (new materials that incorporate or draw on the original materials), must include an attribution of the original materials to ORBEE and, if a author’s name is associated with the material, to that person as well.

· Share Alike (a/k/a "copyleft"). Any publication or distribution of the original materials or derivative works which are based on these materials, including production of electronic or printed class materials or placement of materials on a Website, must offer the works freely and openly to others under the same terms that ORBEE first made the works available to the user.

3.3 How do I properly cite my reuse of ORBEE materials?

If you choose to reuse or repost ORBEE materials you must give proper attribution to the original author(s). Please utilise the following citation:

 [Name], [Course Title], [Term]. (ORBEE, Open Resources in Built Environment Education), [URL] (Accessed [Date]). License: Creative commons BY-NC-SA

 If you want to use the materials on your own web site, you must also include a copy of the Creative Commons Licenses or clear ad reasonable link to its URL with every copy of the ORBEE materials or the derivative work you create from it.

4. Technology Requirements

4.1 What are the technical requirements for viewing ORBEE course materials?

The majority of ORBEE course sites work on both the Macintosh and Windows platforms and on all major browsers. Although higher-speed connections are preferable, slower connections should allow users to view most materials on the site. However, downloading materials may take somewhat longer.

4.2 Why does a PDF (Portable Document Format) not open correctly in my Acrobat Reader?

The PDF documents offered on the ORBEE Website are compatible with Adobe Acrobat 5.0 Reader or above. If you would like to view a PDF, we recommend downloading the most recent free Acrobat Reader from the Adobe Website at

4.3 How do I view video?

Video is in Adobe's Flash format or Real Media's RealPlayer format. If you cannot view a video, please download the latest free Flash Player at

4.4 What should I do if I get the error message "File not found" or "This page cannot be found"?

We get these error messages due to the faulty link to a file or page. Please contact us mentioning where the error occurs/occurred, it will be fixed as soon as possible.

4.5 What is RSS?

RSS (Really Simple Syndication) is a method of delivering web content which changes regularly, such as latest downloads, news and events.

If you are using Firefox, Internet Explorer 7 or Safari simply click on the link to subscribe to the feed. If you are using Internet Explorer 6, you may need to use an RSS Reader (see below for more information). Once you have subscribed to a feed you will automatically receive updates into your RSS Reader.

Some browsers, such as Firefox, Opera and Safari will check for RSS feeds for you when you visit a website and will display the icon if they find one which can make finding and subscribing to feeds easier. See the website for the browser relevant to you for more information.

Internet Explorer 6

What is an RSS Reader?
RSS readers (also known as news readers, feed readers or aggregators) are widely available, and many are free to use.

A list of some of the available readers can be found at

How do I use RSS Feeds?
Firstly, have your reader open and select the add feed option (it may be called "add rss" or "new feed" or "new subscription" or something similar).

To subscribe to a feed, click on the link describing the feed you wish to receive. Copy the full url of the feed from the address bar on your browser and paste it into your reader.

5. Other Questions

5.1 Who administers this site?

Aled Williams,
Deputy Director,
UK Centre for Education in the Built Environment,
School of the Built Environment, University of Salford,
Maxwell Building,
Salford M5 4WT

Tel:  +44 (0) 161 295 5944
Fax: +44 (0) 161 295 5011
Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

5.2 I have a question that isn't answered in this FAQ. What should I do now?

Contact Aled Williams at Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


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